Diagnosis

COVID-19 is caused by a virus called Coronavirus and we are going to dig this specially because older adults are the most exposed to this virus. Coronaviruses are a common cause of the common cold. COVID-19 is a novel (newly discovered virus) Most of those infected will have a limited and mild case. It will feel more like a cold. Most people who become infected with COVID-19 will be able to care for themselves at home. Currently there is no specific anti-viral treatment for COVID-19, and there is no vaccine at this time. Antibiotics such as penicillin do not kill viruses.

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) believes at this time that symptoms of COVID-19 may appear in as few as 2 days or as long as 14 days after exposure. Typical COVID-19 symptoms include fever, muscle aches, cough and shortness of breath that can last for two weeks or even longer.

Preventing Spread

COVID-19 is mostly spread through person-to-person close contact (within about 6 feet). Small droplets from coughing and sneezing can enter the mouth and lungs of those nearby. It is also possible that infection can happen by touching a surface or object that has virus on it such as a table or door knob and then touching their own eyes, mouth or nose, but this is not the main cause of spread.

People are thought to be most contagious when they are most symptomatic (the sickest) and especially with coughing. Some spread might be possible before people show symptoms; there have been reports of this, but this is not thought to be the main cause of spread.

COVID-19 appears to spread easily

Following the recommendations listed below will help to prevent the spread of the virus

Stay home when you are sick
Social Distancing (6 feet rule between each person)
Avoid people who are sick
Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth
Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash
Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe-includes computer and phone
CDC does not recommend facemask use for those people who are well
Facemasks should be used by people who show symptoms of COVID-19 to help prevent the spread of the disease to others
Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds
Wash especially after using the bathroom; before eating; and after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing
If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.
Treatments

In general, follow these three basic rules:

Keep warm and rest as much as possible. If you feel like resting, you should.
Drink plenty of fluids. Food is not as important since appetite will return when you are well.
For fever, take Tylenol or Motrin in normal doses (see label on the bottle).
If cough is present: Humidification and drinking lots of fluids helps to moisten and loosen up sticky mucus. Non-prescription drugs designed to suppress cough, such as Delysm, Robitussin, are occasionally helpful. If you use an inhaler, you might need to use it more often.
If throat is sore: Gargle with warm water (1/2 tsp salt in 1/2 glass of water). Try throat lozenges to help ease the pain of swallowing. Humidification of the air you breathe (use vaporizer, pans of evaporating water, or steaming tub or shower) and lots of fluids help.
If temperature is elevated: Fluids are doubly important. Fever medicine (such as Tylenol or Motrin) should control temperature. Persistent temperature elevation of 103-104 degrees is a danger sign.
If nausea and/or diarrhea are present: Eat only clear liquids, soups, or juices as tolerated. Remember fluids are important to prevent dehydration.
If your symptoms worsen call your doctor, the JCU Health Center (216-397-4349) or the Ohio Department of Health (1-833-427-5634) for further instructions, especially if you notice:

Persistent temperature elevation greater than 100.4 degrees despite fever medication
Bloody sputum or increasing chest pain
Increasing difficulty getting your breath
Stiff neck preventing bending neck and placing chin on chest

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